Horse meat canada
In various countries edit In 2009, a british agriculture industry website reported these horse meat production levels in various countries: Horse meat production levels as of 2009 56 country tons per year Mexico 78,000 Argentina 57,000 kazakhstan 55,000 Mongolia 38,000 Kyrgyzstan 25,000 Australia 24,000 Brazil. Asia-pacific edit australia edit australians do not generally eat horse meat, although they have a horse slaughter industry that nivea exports to japan, europe, and Russia. 57 Horse meat exports peaked at 9,3, declining to 3,0They are at Peterborough in south Australia (samex peterborough Pty Ltd) and Caboolture Abattoir in queensland (Meramist Pty Ltd). 58 a british agriculture industry website reported that Australian horse meat production levels had risen to 24,056 On, western Australian Agriculture minister Terry redman granted final approval to western Australia butcher Vince garreffa to sell horse meat for human consumption. Nedlands restaurateur pierre Ichallalene announced plans to do a taster on Bastille day and to put horse meat dishes on the menu if the reaction is good. Redman said that the government would "consider extending approvals should the public appetite for horse demand it". Garreffa is the owner of Mondo di carne, a major wholesale meat supplier which supplies many cafes, restaurants, and hotels in Western Australia. 60 61 he commented that no domestic market exists for horse meat, but a successful export market exists, of which he believes Western Australia should have a share. 59 This decision caused outrage amongst some groups, limited reaction from many, and enthusiasm from others. Several local newspaper forums indicated that the general public were not greatly biased either way, in fact many voiced their openness for alternative meats.
Burger King Admits Horse meat
50 not in citation given where horses are generally considered to be companion and sporting animals only. 51 Almost all equine medications and treatments are labeled as being not intended for human consumption. Citation needed In the european Union, horses intended for slaughter cannot be treated with many medications commonly used for. Citation needed for horses going to slaughter, no period of withdrawal, the time between administration of the drug and the time they are butchered, is required. French actress and animal rights activist Brigitte bardot has spent years crusading against the eating of horse meat. However, the opposition is far from unanimous; a 2007 readers' beauty poll in the london magazine time out showed that 82 of respondents supported chef Gordon Ramsay 's decision to serve horse meat in his restaurants. 52 Nutritional value edit selected nutrients per 100 g (3.5 oz) food source Energy Protein (g) Fat (g) Iron (mg) Sodium (mg) Cholesterol (mg) (kJ) (Cal) Game meat, horse, raw.8 53 52 beef, strip steak, raw.9 55 55 Preparation edit Smoked and salted horse meat on bread. Meat from younger horses tends to be lighter in color, while older horses produce richer color and flavor, as with most mammals. Horse meat can be used to replace beef, pork, mutton, venison, and any other meat in virtually any recipe. Horse meat is usually very lean. Jurisdictions which allow for the slaughter of horses for food rarely have age restrictions, so many are quite old. Those preparing sandwiches or cold meals with horse meat usually use it smoked and salted. It forms an ingredient in several traditional recipes of salami.
problematic, due to the toxin). Citation needed remains of euthanized animals can be rendered, which maintains the value of the skin, bones, fats, etc., for such purposes as fish food. This is commonly done for lab specimens (e.g., pigs) euthanized by injection. The amount of drug (e.g. A barbiturate) is insignificant after rendering. Citation needed carcasses of horses treated with some drugs are considered edible in some jurisdictions. For example, according to canadian regulation, hyaluron, used in treatment of particular disorders in horses, in hy-50 preparation, should not be administered to animals to be slaughtered for horse meat. 45 In Europe, however, the same preparation is not considered to have any such effect, and edibility of the horse meat is not affected. 46 Opposition to production edit main article: Horse slaughter The killing of horses for human consumption is widely opposed in countries such as the. S., 47 uk 49 not in citation given and Australia.
Lawmakers target horse meat trade
35 In 2005, the eight principal horse meat-producing countries produced over 700,000 tonnes of this product. Major Horse meat Production countries, needs update country Production number of animals tonnes short tons long tons usa 1,700,000 204,000 225,000 201,000 Mexico 626,000 78,876 86,946 77,630 kazakhstan 340,000 55,100 60,700 54,200 Mongolia 310,000 38,000 42,000 37,000 Argentina 255,000 55,600 61,300 54,700 Italy 213,000 48,000. 37 In 2010, mexico produced 140,000 tonnes, China - 126,000 tonnes, kazakhstan - 114,000 tonnes. As horses are relatively poor converters of grass and grain to meat compared to cattle, 9 they are not usually bred or raised specifically for their meat. Instead, horses are slaughtered when their monetary value as riding or work animals is low, but their owners can still make money selling them for horse meat, for example in the routine export of the southern English ponies from the new Forest, exmoor, and Dartmoor. 38 39 British law requires the use of " equine passports " even for semi wild horses to enable traceability (also known as "provenance so most slaughtering is done bistro in the uk before the meat is exported, 39 meaning that the animals travel as carcasses. Ex-racehorses, riding horses, and other horses sold at auction may also enter the food chain ; sometimes these animals have been stolen or purchased under false pretenses. 40 even prestigious horses may end up in the slaughterhouse ; the 1986 Kentucky derby winner and 1987 Eclipse Award for Horse of the year winner, ferdinand, is believed to have been slaughtered in Japan, probably for pet food. 41 A misconception exists that horses are commonly slaughtered for pet food, however. In many countries, such as the United States, horse meat was outlawed in pet food in the 1970s. American horse meat is considered a delicacy in Europe and Japan, and its cost is in line with veal, 42 so it would be prohibitively expensive in many countries for pet food. 43 The British newspaper The daily mail reports that every year, 100,000 live horses are transported into and around the european Union for human consumption, mainly to Italy, but also to France and Belgium.
Epona, a triple-aspect goddess, was the protectress of the horse and horse keepers, and horses were sacrificed to her; 30 she was paralleled by the Irish Macha and Welsh Rhiannon. In The White goddess, robert Graves argued that the taboo among Britons and their descendants was due to worship of Epona, and even earlier rites. 31 The Uffington White horse is probable evidence of ancient horse worship. The ancient Indian Kshatriyas engaged in horse sacrifice (Ashwamedh Yaghya) as recorded in the vedas and Ramayana ; but within context of the ritual sacrificial is not being 'killed' but instead being smothered to death. 32 In 1913, the finnic Mari people of the volga region were observed to practice a horse sacrifice. 32 In ancient Scandinavia, the horse was very important, as a living, working creature, as a sign of the owner's status, and symbolically within the old Norse religion. Horses were slaughtered as a sacrifice to the gods and the meat was eaten by the people taking part in the religious feasts. 33 When the nordic countries were Christianized, eating horse meat was regarded as a sign of paganism and prohibited. A reluctance to eat horse meat is still common in these countries even today. 34 Production edit In most countries where horses are slaughtered for food, they are processed in a similar fashion to cattle,. E., in large-scale factory slaughter houses (abattoirs) where they are stunned with a captive bolt gun and bled to death. In countries with a less industrialized food production system, horses and other animals are slaughtered individually outdoors as needed, in the village where they will be consumed, or near.
About 1,000 horses were slaughtered a week. While no taboo on eating horse meat exists per se, it is generally considered by ethnic Russians to be a low-quality meat with poor taste, and it is rarely found in stores. It is popular among such peoples as Tatars, yakuts, kyrgyzs, and kazakhs. 28 reasons for the taboo edit further information: horse sacrifice In 732 ad, pope Gregory iii began a concerted effort to stop the ritual consumption of horse meat in pagan practice. In some countries, the effects of this prohibition by the roman Catholic Church have lingered and horse meat prejudices have progressed from taboos, to avoidance, to abhorrence. 26 In other parts of the world, horse meat has the stigma of being something poor people eat and is seen as a cheap substitute for other meats, such as pork and beef. According to the anthropologist Marvin Harris, 9 some cultures class horse meat as taboo because the horse converts grass into meat less efficiently than ruminants. In a study conducted by Fred Simoons, the avoidance to horse meat in American culture is less likely due to lingering feelings from Gregory's prohibition and instead due to an unfamiliarity with the meat compared to more mainstream offerings. 29 Totemistic taboo is also a possible reason for refusal to eat horse meat as an everyday food, but did not necessarily preclude ritual slaughter and consumption. Roman sources state that the goddess Epona was widely worshipped in gaul and southern Britain.
Horse slaughter - wikipedia22 In Islamic laws, consuming horse meat is makruh or discouraged, although it is not haram or forbidden. The consumption tegen of horse meat has been common in Central Asia societies, past or present, due to the abundance of steppes suitable for raising horses. In North Africa, horse meat has been occasionally consumed, but almost exclusively by the Christian Copts and the hanafi sunnis (a common form of Islam in Central Asia and Turkey but has never been eaten in the maghreb. 23 Horse meat is forbidden by jewish dietary laws because horses do not have cloven hooves and they are not ruminants. In the eighth century, popes Gregory iii and Zachary instructed saint Boniface, missionary to the germans, to forbid the eating of horse meat to those he converted, due to its association with Germanic pagan ceremonies. 24 25 The people of Iceland allegedly expressed reluctance to embrace Christianity for some time, largely over the issue of giving up horse meat. 26 Horse meat is now currently consumed in Iceland and many horses are raised for this purpose. The culturally close people of Sweden still have an ambivalent attitude to horse meat, said to stem from this time. Henry mayhew describes the difference in the acceptability and use of the horse carcass in London and Paris in London Labour and the london poor (1851). 27 Horse meat was rejected by the British, but continued to be eaten in other European countries such as France and Germany, where knackers often sold horse carcasses despite the papal ban. Even the hunting of wild horses for meat continued in the area of Westphalia. Londoners also suspected that horse meat was finding its way into sausages, and that offal sold as that of oxen was in fact equine.
Not even champion racehorses were spared (even two horses presented to napoleon iii by Alexander ii of Russia were slaughtered) but the meat soon became scarce. Many parisians gained a taste for horse meat during the siege, and after the war ended, horse meat remained popular. Likewise, in keltisch other places and times of siege or starvation, horses are viewed as a food source of last resort. Despite the general Anglophone taboo, horse and donkey meat was eaten in Britain, especially in Yorkshire, until the 1930s, 13 and in times of postwar food shortage voor surged in popularity in the United States 14 and was considered for use in hospitals. 15 A 2007 Time magazine article about horse meat brought in from Canada to the United States characterized the meat as sweet, rich, superlean, oddly soft meat, and closer to beef than venison. Attitude of various cultures edit horse is commonly eaten in many countries in Europe and Asia. It is not a generally available food in some English-speaking countries such as the United Kingdom, australia, ireland, the United States, 20 and English Canada. It is also taboo in Brazil, Israel, and among the romani people and Jewish people the world over. Horse meat is not generally eaten in Spain, except in the north, although the country exports horses both live animals and slaughtered meat for the French and Italian markets. Horse meat is consumed in some north American and Latin American countries, and is illegal in some countries. For example, the food Standards Code of Australia and New zealand definition of 'meat' does not include horse. 21 In Tonga, horse meat is eaten nationally, and Tongan emigrees living in the United States, new zealand, and Australia have retained the taste for it, claiming Christian missionaries originally introduced it to them.
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France dates its taste for horse meat to the revolution. With the fall of the aristocracy, its auxiliaries had to find new means of subsistence. Just as hairdressers and tailors set themselves up to serve commoners, the horses maintained by aristocracy as a sign of prestige ended up alleviating the hunger of lower classes. 9 During the napoleonic campaigns, the surgeon-in-chief of Napoleon 's Grand Army, baron Dominique-jean Larrey, advised the starving troops to eat the meat of horses. At the siege of Alexandria, the meat of young Arab horses relieved an epidemic of scurvy. At the battle of Eylau in 1807, larrey served horse as soup and bœuf à la mode. At Aspern-Essling (1809 cut off from the supply lines, the cavalry used the breastplates of fallen cuirassiers as cooking pans and gunpowder as seasoning, and thus founded a tradition that carried on until at least the waterloo campaign. 10 11 Hunger during World War ii led to horses being eaten. Horse meat gained widespread amsterdam acceptance in French cuisine during the later years of the second French Empire. The high cost of living in Paris prevented many working-class citizens from buying meat such as pork or beef, so in 1866, the French government legalized the eating of horse meat and the first butcher's shop specializing in horse meat opened in eastern Paris, providing. 12 During the siege of Paris (18701871), horse meat, along with the meat from donkeys and mules, was eaten by anyone who could afford it, partly because of a shortage of fresh meat in the blockaded city, and also because horses were eating grain which. Though there were large numbers of horses in Paris (estimates suggested between 65,000 and 70,000 were butchered and eaten during the siege) the supplies were ultimately limited.
The horse is now given pet status by many in some parts of the. Western world, particularly in the United States, United Kingdom, and Ireland, which further solidifies the taboo on eating its meat. Citation needed, contents, history edit, in the, paleolithic, wild horses formed an important source of food. In many parts of Europe, the consumption of horse meat continued throughout the middle Ages until modern times, despite a papal ban of horse meat in 732. Horse meat was also eaten as part. Germanic pagan religious ceremonies in northern Europe, particularly ceremonies associated with the worship. Citation needed horses evolved on the north American continent, and by about 12,000 years ago, migrated to other parts of the world, 4 becoming extinct in the Americas. 5 6 The hagerman horse, about the size of a modern-day large pony, is one example, found in Idaho at the hagerman Fossil Beds, a national monument. 7 The europeans' horses that came over to the Americas with the Spaniards and followed by the settlers nivea became feral, and were hunted by the indigenous Pehuenche people of what is now Chile and Argentina. 8 At first, they hunted horses as they did other game, but later they began to raise them for meat and transport. The meat was, and still is, preserved by being sun-dried in the high Andes into a product known as charqui.
Horse meat - wikipedia
For the renew adulteration of European meat in 2013, see 2013 meat adulteration scandal. Raw, sliced horse meat, served. Japan as basashi, horse meat is the culinary name for meat cut from a horse. It is a major meat in only a few countries, notably. Central Asia, but it forms a significant part of the culinary traditions of many others, from Europe to south America to Asia. The top eight countries consume about.7 million horses a year. For the majority of humanity's early existence, wild horses were hunted as a source of protein. 1 2, acid it is slightly sweet, tender, and low in fat. Because of the role horses have played as companions and as workers, and ensuing concerns about the ethics of the horse slaughter process, it is a taboo food in some cultures. These historical associations, as well as ritual and religion, led to the development of an aversion to the consumption of horse meat.